Fresh vegetables at the Italian street markets in Florence

Month by month fresh ingredients

Seasonal vegetables, month by month, when to find the best fresh ingredients for your healthy recipes.


January is the best month to eat the vegetables of the cabbage family, called crucifers or brassicas.

In the cabbage family we find curly kale, black and red cabbage, savoy cabbage, cabbage, broccoli and cauliflower.

Crucifers, or brassicas, have a low calorie intake: for example, 100g of broccoli provide only 27 calories and are very rich in water and fiber, essential elements for proper hydration of the body, to eliminate toxins and for health. of the intestinal system. A normal serving of cabbage provides our body with 5% of the fiber it needs every day, along with 2 grams of protein, iron and calcium.

  • Broccoli; Precious supply of vitamins and minerals: Broccoli is a good source of iron, potassium, calcium, selenium and magnesium, as well as vitamins A, C, E, K and a good range of B vitamins, including folic acid.
  • Bruxelles sprouts, Italian: cavolini di Bruxelles Brassica oleracea, belong to the cabbage family. Rich in antioxidants, they are useful for the eyes, brain, bones and prostate. They are harvested from October until the end of February, but it should be known that the best quality product is obtained after the occurrence of some frosts. How to make tasty roasted bruxelles sprouts here.
  • artichokes;
  • carrots;
  • thistles;
  • cabbage;
  • chicory;
  • onions;
  • fennel;
  • lettuce;
  • potatoes;
  • leeks;
  • radicchio;
  • turnips;
  • celery;
  • spinach.


The vegetables of February do not vary much compared to that of January, it is still winter, and therefore we find: cucumbers; broccoli; artichokes; carrots; cabbage; chicory; onions; fennel; lettuce; potatoes; leeks; Red radish; turnips; celery; spinach.

Fruit: mandarins and oranges

Winter is the season par excellence for citrus fruits : colorful, juicy and fragrant invade our tables in the colder months. For January we have chosen mandarin : small fruits which in shape are reminiscent of oranges, with a sweeter and less acidic flavor

Plant native to China , it belongs to the Rutaceae family, genus Citrus (like cedar and pomelo); it is the only sweet fruit among all citrus fruits. Its cultivation spread in Europe starting from the fifteenth century, mainly in Spain and Portugal.

Mandarin is a typically winter citrus fruit: the harvest takes place mainly between October and February . As anticipated, it is a sweet , sugary fruit , rich in precious nutrients to face the winter. The peel is also rich in essential oils , mainly used in cosmetics and perfumery: this is why when we peel the tangerines, that typical scent that makes so much winter is released!


With the arrival of spring, green light for: radishes; asparagus; spring onions; potatoes; cucumbers; beets; broccoli; artichokes; carrots; cabbage; onions; lettuce; potatoes; leeks; turnips; celery; spinach.


In April, however, we cannot miss on our table: garlic; asparagus; beet; carrot; cabbage; chickpeas; chicory; sauerkraut; Fava beans; lettuce; peas; leek; turnip; radish; rocket salad; spinach.


The summer is almost here, so go ahead for: chicory; Red radish; rocket salad; spinach; lettuce; radishes; beets.


With the arrival of summer the choice will be even more varied: chicory; rocket salad; lettuce; radishes; rhubarb; potatoes; Fava beans; beets; carrots; celery; peas.


July is probably the richest month of the year together with September: aubergines; zucchini; green beans; chicory; rocket salad; radishes; potatoes; beets; basil; carrots; celery; peas; tomatoes; cucumbers.


Instead in August we have: rocket; potatoes; beets; carrots; celery; peas; tomatoes; cucumbers; lettuce; zucchini; eggplant; green beans; peppers; radishes.


With the arrival of autumn can not miss: carrots; rocket salad; potatoes; beets; celery; peas; tomatoes; cucumbers; lettuce; zucchini; eggplant; green beans; radishes; peppers.


In October, green light to: pumpkin; radicchio; potatoes; beets; carrots; celery; peas; lettuce; green beans; beans; peppers.


In November: cabbage; fennel; artichoke; potatoes; beets; onion; celery; lettuce; chicory; radishes; beans; mushrooms.


And we conclude with the last month of the year: beetroot; broccoli; chicory; carrots; thistles; cabbage; artichokes; celery; radishes; beans; mushrooms; pumpkin; radicchio; leeks; fennel; spinach. “

References (in Italian Only)